What is the Parthenon?

Ancient Greek Temple

The Parthenon is an ancient Greek temple that stands on the acropolis in Athens.

In the city of Athens, Greece, stands a small plateau called the Acropolis, or hilltop city.

Long ago, the ancient Greeks built magnificent temples on top of the Acropolis to honor their gods and goddesses.

The most famous Acropolis temple is the Parthenon (pronounced PAHR the non).  It was built in honor of Athena Parthenos, a goddess who supposedly watched over Athens.

Like other Greek temples of its time, the Parthenon was built of marble and then painted in brilliant colors.  The walls were decorated with carvings of the people parading to honor Athena.

Inside the temple itself stood a 40-foot-tall ivory and gold statue of the goddess.

Many parts of the Parthenon were destroyed by time and war.  The statue of Athena was lost long ago.

Today, in Athens, you can see the ruins of this old marble temple, built more than 2,000 years ago. – Dick Rogers


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