Tag Archives: Mountain

How is the height of a mountain measured?

When we read of high mountains in books, we may wonder how the height of a mountain is actually measured.  Most of our figures for mountain heights were obtained with an altimeter. This is a kind of barometer that uses air pressure to measure altitude, or height above sea level.  Altimeters give quick and easy …

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What is the deepest spot in the ocean?

The single deepest spot so far known in all the oceans is in the Pacific near Guam.  It is called the “Challenger Deep” and is 36,198 feet below the surface of the ocean. If the highest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest, were put into the Challenger Deep, more than a mile of water would …

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What is the difference between a hill and a mountain?

A hill or a mountain is a part of the land that is higher than the land around it.  While a mountain is generally thought of as being much larger than a hill, there is actually no clear-cut difference between them.  The word “mountain” means different things to different people.  Wheat is called a mountain …

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How were the mountain made?

Some high mountains are volcanoes.  Others were made in other ways.  Mountains are created by violent changes in the earth’s surface.  Deep under the earth great forces lift, wrinkle, and more that rocks that make up the earth’s crust. Huge blocks of rocks are pushed, tilted, raised or squeezed into great folds, much like a …

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What is a timberline?

Some mountains have trees growing clear to their tops, but on many high mountains there is a line above which trees stop growing. The place where trees stop growing is called the “timberline”.  Trees don’t grow above it because they cannot survive the freezing temperatures there. Above the timberline the mountainside is likely to be …

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