Tag Archives: Ocean

Why does the Panama Canal have locks?

The Panama Canal locks are a series of water “steps” which lift ships 85 feet above sea level, and then lower them back down to the ocean at the other end of the canal. The Panama Canal is a kind of water “stairway” that crosses the isthmus of Panama and connects the Atlantic and Pacific …

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Why is the ocean salty?

Sea water contains all the natural elements that make up the minerals in the earth’s crust. The most common of the minerals found in the ocean is common table salt, which is mainly responsible for the salty taste of sea water.  In fact, the average gallon of seawater contains about a quarter of a pound …

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What are clouds made of?

Pluffy dark clouds and fluffy white clouds—all clouds are made of the same thing.  They are made mostly of tiny droplets of water drifting about on currents of air.  Water to make clouds comes from oceans, lakes and streams. Everywhere water is continually evaporating into the air in the form of an invisible gas called …

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What is the deepest spot in the ocean?

The single deepest spot so far known in all the oceans is in the Pacific near Guam.  It is called the “Challenger Deep” and is 36,198 feet below the surface of the ocean. If the highest mountain in the world, Mt. Everest, were put into the Challenger Deep, more than a mile of water would …

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What is the earth’s atmosphere?

The atmosphere is the great  ocean of air enveloping the earth.  it extends up for hundreds of miles. You and I live at the bottom of a great ocean of air that surrounds the earth and that extends upward for hundreds of miles.  We call it the atmosphere. We could not live without it and …

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What are icebergs?

Icebergs are large, floating chunks of ice that have broken off from glaciers,  to drift about in the ocean.  Icebergs are the broken-off end of glaciers that tumble into the water and drift out into the sea.  The biggest are huge, floating blocks of ice that weigh several million tons.  Some are a mile or …

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What is Artesian well?

An artesian well needs no pump.  It spurts out of the ground like fountain.  There is more water in the world than in our oceans, lakes and streams.  A good deal of water can be found beneath the ground. Springs are formed when water from rain and melted snow seeps deep into the ground.  The underground water can fill …

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